Survival Mediterranean Style: A Cluster-Randomized Trial in the US Fire ServiceCategory: Food Science
"Mediterranean Diet” (MD) describes the traditional eating habits followed in countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and is characterized by high consumption of olive oil, fruits, vegetables, unrefined breads and cereals, legumes and nuts, moderate consumption of fish and poultry, a relatively low intake of dairy products, and low-sparing consumption of red meat, processed meats and sweets. Robust data support the effectiveness of the MD in reducing all-cause mortality, CVD morbidity and mortality and cancer mortality, diabetes, and obesity.
“Feeding America's Bravest: Survival Mediterranean Style” motivates firefighters and their families to modify their food culture and reduce cardio-metabolic risk profiles by adopting Mediterranean Diet principles. It is a cluster randomized, controlled trial within the 44 stations of the Indianapolis Fire Department. It compares a Mediterranean Diet Nutritional Intervention (MDNI) (group 1) vs. usual care (group 2). The intervention includes behavioral and environmental components. The primary outcome is 12- month change in Mediterranean Diet score comparing group 1 vs. group 2.